Unit 3 – Discussion Board

Week Three is the time when you put your knowledge into action! This week you will learn and discover how ethics comes to life, in a variety of contexts, through ethical decision-making in larger ethical frameworks like those of a company or even our government.

  • Continue on to your Unit 3 Learning Path in Intellipath (located in the Assignments List). You will be introduced to key concepts that we will build on in Unit 4:
    • Social Contract
    • Categorical Imperative
    • Ethical Decision-making
  • Do you have any questions? Remember that your instructors are available to answer any questions you have about the assignments in PHIL101. So, don’t hesitate to reach out to him/her via email or CTU Messenger!

Primary Discussion Response is due by Friday (11:59:59pm Central), Peer Responses are due by Tuesday (11:59:59pm Central).Primary Discussion Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 300-500 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. Be substantive and clear, and use examples from videos to reinforce your ideas.Choose one of the following TED talks to review and discuss below:


Using the video you watched, answer the following questions:

  • Does a business within a community have a responsibility to contribute to the overall health of that community? Why or why not?
  • What responsibility do businesses and employers have to address larger issues in society (hunger, environmental issues, social injustice, etc.)?
  • Can an investment in a particular community or society be beneficial to a business or corporation? Why or why not?

World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness


Evaluate the following 2 countries to identify which represents the most potentially attractive target marketfor Lidl’s future international expansion strategy:- Mexico

– Norway

In order to evaluate which of these 2 countries represents the most potentially attractive target market, you are required to undertake a comparative PESTEL analysis of those macro-environmental factors of the 2 countries that are relevant to Lidl.

– Worth 20% of the overall mark

– Not included in the word count

– This background analysis must be included as an appendix, presented in table format and must be no more than 5 pages in length.

– Data should be recent, primarily quantitative and obtained from appropriate sources (e.g. the most recently published World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness report).

– A scoring system should be used for each macro-environmental factor / sub-factor for each country to show whether each factor / sub-factor is more or less attractive for your company. These scores should then be totalled for each country in order to arrive at an overall scoring of attractiveness for each country.

– Further guidance on undertaking the comparative analysis of the 2 countries is available in the Assignment Briefing slides on Blackboard.


Discuss the rationale for the selection of your chosen market. Your rationale should be justified with a more detailed discussion of your PESTEL analysis of the macro-environmental factors of your chosen market that you have presented in the appendix for Task 1. This discussion should explicitly consider the implications of the macro-environmental factors of your chosen market for Lidl.

This task must be presented in the first section of the main body of your report.

TASK 3.Apply the 5-Forces model to critically analyse the competitive intensity of the industrial environment of Lidlin your chosen market. A SWOT analysis isnot acceptable.

This task must be presented in the second section of the main body of your report.


Analyse the firm’s internal environment in order to EITHER:

i) critically evaluate the resources and capabilities of Lidland the competitive implications of these for the company when entering into your chosen market (this will require an application of the VRIO framework)


ii) identify Lidl’s internal value-adding activities and critically evaluate which of these will be most relevant in supporting the company to enter into your chosen market (this will require an application of the Value Chain model).

A SWOT analysis for either option isnot acceptable.

This task must be presented in the third section of the main body of your report.


Critically evaluate the various modes of entry available to Lidland recommend – with justification based on the findings of your analyses in Tasks 2, 3 & 4 above – the most suitable mode of entry that will enable this strategic international expansion to be a success for the company.

This task must be presented in the fourth and final section of the main body of your report.

Source Selection and Technical Evaluation Plans

“Source Selection and Technical Evaluation Plans” Please respond to the following:

  • Determine the methods for ranking proposals. Provide a description for each category of evaluation criteria of the technical evaluation process.
  • From the e-Activity, discuss the dollar threshold for a legal review specific to the selected agency or field. Provide one example of a contract that would require a legal review and one that would not require a legal review. Justify your responses.Remember the e-Activity states – second part:

Select a government agency or career field that you are interested in and use the Internet to locate information regarding legal reviews specific to that agency or field. Be prepared to discuss.

Calculating Cost of Equity

The Graber Corporation’s common stock has a beta of 1.15. If the

risk is 3.5 percent and the expected return on the market is 11 percent, what is the company’s cost of equity capital? PLEASE SHOW ALL WORK.

Estimating the DCF Growth Rate

Suppose Stark, Ltd., just issued a dividend of $2.08 per share on its common stock. The company paid dividend of $1.71, $1.82, $1.93, and $1.99 per share in the last four years. If the stock currently sells for$45, what is your best estimate of the company’s cost of equity capital using the arithmetic average growth rate in dividends? What if you use the geometric average growth rate? PLEASE SHOW ALL WORK.

Calculating WACC

Mullineaux Corporation has a target capital structure of 70 percent common stock, 5 percent preferred stock, and 25 percent debt. Its cost of equity is 11 percent, the cost of preferred stock is 5 percent, and the pretax cost of debt is 7 percent. The relevant tax rate is 35 percent. a.) What is Mullineeaux’s WACC? b.) The company president has approached you about Mullineaux’s capital structure. He wants to know why the company doesn’t use more preferred stock financing because it costs less than debt. What would you tell the president? PLEASE SHOW ALL WORK.

considering whether to discontinue offering credit to customers

ACME Wholesalers, LLC. is considering whether to discontinue offering credit to customers who are more than 10

days overdue on repaying the credit extended to them. Current annual credit sales are $10 million on credit terms of “net 30”. Such a change in policy is expected to reduce sales by 10 percent, cut the firm’s bad-debt losses from 5 to 3 percent, and reduce its average collection period from 72 days to 45 days. The firm’s variable cost ratio is 0.70 (profit contribution ratio is 0.30) and its pretax return (i.e. opportunity cost) on receivables investments is 12%. Determine the net effect of this credit tightening policy on the pretax profits of ACME Wholesalers, LLC. When converting from annual to daily data or vice versa, assume that there are 365 days per year.

cost structurebased on a production budget

A company manufactures a single product which has the following cost structure

based on a production budget

of 10,000 units.

Materials – 4 kg at $3/kg $12

Direct labour – 5 hours at $7/hour $35

Variable production overheads are recovered at the rate of $8 per direct labour


Other costs incurred by the company are:


Factory fixed overheads 120,000

Selling and distribution overheads 160,000

Fixed administration overheads 80,000

The selling and distribution overheads include a variable element due to a

distribution cost of $2 per unit. The fixed selling price of the unit is $129.

You are required to;

(a) Calculate how many units have to be sold for the company to breakeven.

(b) Calculate the sales revenue which would give a net profit of $40,000.

(c) If the company could buy in the units instead of manufacturing them,

calculate how much it would be prepared to pay if both:

(i) estimated sales for next year are 9,500 units at $129 each; and

(ii) $197,500 of fixed selling, distribution and administrative overheads

would still be incurred even if there is no production (all other fixed

overheads would be saved).

Qualitative vs. Quantitative

Subject: On boarding Hiring Process & Exit Interview



1) What roadblocks stand in your way to obtain the data needed, and where will you get the appropriate data to test your research question?

2) What statistical test will you use to test your hypothesis with a solid defense/justification of why that is the most appropriate test.

Paper has to be written in Memo form of business writing.

Can you please answer and help with some ideas on how I would start this paper regarding the questions and subject above.

What about being disciplined in order to follow through?

Managers need to be disciplined to monitor its

employees regarding progress and employees need be disciplined in order to fulfill their job duties. For example, when I am working in one of our business offices due to being short-staffed – Even though I do have a lot of deadlines to meet in my other areas I am responsible for in the Finance department, but since the business office needs to be open to serve our students (customers) this has priority. When that is happening I am literally “pushing” myself to the maximum to complete other tasks at the same time – multi-tasking, but I do know I will need to work late on those days in order to meet my other time sensitive deadlines – goals. This is what I am calling being disciplined – to stay on target, not to slow down, but to keep on going.

an analysis of the social / demographic, technological, economic, environmental / geographic, and political/legal / governmental

“Union Pacific Corporation” Please respond to the following:

  • Perform an analysis of the social / demographic, technological, economic, environmental / geographic, and political/legal / governmental segments to understand the general environment facing Union Pacific.
  • Describe how Union Pacific will be affected by each of these external factors.

“Strong Brands” Please respond to the following:

  • Several companies use their brand as a competitive advantage. Given your knowledge about the global economy, identify three brands you believe have the strongest likelihood of remaining a source of advantage in the 21st Century and explain why.
  • Explain the effects you believe the Internet’s capabilities will have on the brands you identified in the previous discussion and what the owner of the brand should do in light of them.

“Strategic Competitiveness” Please respond to the following:

  • From the first e-Activity, determine which of the two primary drivers of the competitive landscape is more influential. Explain your rationale.
  • Explain which model (I / O model or resource-based model) you believe will best help a firm in the industry you researched earn above-average returns

The opening “Q.M in Action” vignette

The opening “Q.M in Action” vignette in Chapter 8 of the textbook discusses how Chevron uses a linear programming

tool and sensitivity analysis to plan refinery operations and to improve profitability. As a manager you will be required to analyze situations quantitatively to minimize costs or maximize profit.

What other considerations might a manager at Chevron have to account for while planning production in such a complex environment?