Identify the constitutional amendment that would govern Officer Jones actions.

Due Week 6 and worth 100 points

Officer Jones asked the neighborhoods regular trash collector to put the content of the defendants garbage that was left on the curb in plastic bags and to turn over the bags to him at the end of the day. The trash collector did as the officer asked in order to not mix the garbage once he collected the defendants garbage. The officer searched through the garbage and found items indicative of narcotics use. The officer then recited the information that was obtained from the trash in an affidavit in support of a warrant to search the defendants home. The officer encountered the defendant at the house later that day upon execution of the warrant. The officer found quantities of cocaine and marijuana during the search and arrested the defendant on felony narcotics charges.

Write a one to two (1-2) page paper in which you:

1. Identify the constitutional amendment that would govern Officer Jones actions.

2. Analyze the validity and constitutionality of officers Jones actions.

3. Discuss if Officer Jones actions were justified under the doctrines of plain view, abandonment, open fields, or border searches.

4. Use at least two (2) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

· Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

· Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the students name, the professors name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

· Research and analyze procedures governing the process of arrest through trial.

· Critically debate the Constitutional safeguards of key Amendments with specific attention to the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 14th Amendments.

· Describe the difference between searchers, warrantless searches, and stops.

· Write clearly and concisely about the criminal procedure using proper writing mechanics.

Determine whether or not Officer Jones’ actions were justified by any of the three (3) ways whereby probable cause can be established. Provide a rationale for your response.

Case Study 1: The Officer and the Drug Arrest
Due Week 2 and worth 100 points

Officer Jones is a veteran officer with the Smithville police department. He received information that a citizen living in the local housing project was selling drugs. This information was conveyed to Officer Jones by an anonymous caller to the officer on his personal cell phone. Officer Jones immediately went to the housing project and stopped the citizen as he was leaving his apartment. Officer Jones searched the citizen and found drugs.

Note: You may create and / or make all necessary assumptions needed for the completion of this assignment.

Write a one to two (1-2) page paper in which you:

  1. Identify the constitutional amendment that would govern Officer Jones’ actions. In your own opinion, discuss if you support his actions or not. Justify your answer using the appropriate case law and Supreme Court precedents.
  2. Analyze the validity and constitutionality of Officer Jones’ actions.
  3. Determine whether or not Officer Jones’ actions were justified by any of the three (3) ways whereby probable cause can be established. Provide a rationale for your response.
  4. Use at least two (2) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Research and analyze procedures governing the process of arrest through trial.
  • Critically debate the Constitutional safeguards of key Amendments with specific attention to the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 14th Amendments.
  • Describe the difference between searchers, warrantless searches, and stops.
  • Write clearly and concisely about the criminal procedure using proper writing mechanics

Describe how internal or external stakeholders have influenced the situation in a positive or negative wa

Due Week 10 and worth 200 points

In Week 1, you chose a topic area and problem or challenge within that area. Throughout this course, you have researched the dynamics of the problem. The final piece of your project is to develop a viable solution that considers resources, policy, stakeholders, organizational readiness, administrative structures and other internal and external factors, as applicable. Using the papers you have written throughout this course, consolidate your findings into a succinct project.

Write a ten (10) page paper that as a minimum, your project should include:

  1. Identify the topical area (e.g., local police department, community jail, border patrol)
  2. Define a problem or challenge within your topical area that you understand in some depth or have an interest in (examples include high crime rate, poor morale, high levels of violence or recidivism, high number of civilian complaints of harassment, inadequate equipment). Outline the context of the problem or challenge, including the history and any policy decisions that have contributed to the situation.
  3. Describe how internal or external stakeholders have influenced the situation in a positive or negative way. How will you consider stakeholders in your solution to the problem? How will you motivate individuals to buy into your solution?
  4. Discuss how technologies or information systems have contributed to the problem and how you will propose technology be implemented into the solution.
  5. Discuss what data you have collected or researched to indicate there is a problem. Include at least two sources of data and how each is relevant to the problem.
  6. Develop an effective and efficient solution(s) and a course of action (i.e., plan) that addresses the problem or challenge.
  7. Explain what methods of assessment you will employ to measure the effectiveness of your solutions.
  8. Develop a 10-15 slide PowerPoint Presentation that summarizes the seven items above.
  9. Use at least 8 quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Assess a policy or problem and develop solutions based on available resources, taking into account the political and global implications.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in criminal justice.
  • Write clearly and concisely about criminal justice using proper writing mechanics.

Explain both the similarities and differences between Interviewing and Interrogation.

 

THE CONTINUING INVESTIGATION: LEADS, WITNESSES, INTERVIEWS AND INTERROGATION

4-5 pages – 33 points – ⅓ of the course grade APA format 12 in font, Times New Roman double spaced.

DUE SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 2020 at 2:00PM

QUESTION # 1- APPLICATION EXERCISE

Utilizing the course concepts from Lesson # 6 – The Continuing Investigation and Lesson #7 – Locating Witnesses, and from the readings in the textbook on pages 103-116 and pages 61-64, discuss how you would approach the following hypothetical case scenario. Include in your discussion the following concepts:

Basic Leads

Background Investigation

Sources of Information

Neighborhood Canvass

Pleas for Public Cooperation

You are a detective assigned to the Homicide Unit of the Hudson County Prosecutor’s Office in Jersey City.

You have been assigned as Case Detective to investigate a homicide on the campus of  New Jersey City University.

On October 25, 2020 , at approximately 9:30 pm, the Jersey City Police Department received a 911 call to respond to  NJCU on the report of a deceased person discovered in a vehicle parked in Lot # 7, adjacent to the West Campus Village Dormitory. The victim, a female student resident of the dormitory, was found sitting in the driver’s seat of the vehicle, apparently strangled to death. The following pieces of information emerged from the crime scene:

  • There were no signs of a break-in and the car door was unlocked with the driver’s side window open.
  • The victim’s purse was missing.
  • A flower was tucked behind her ear.
  • The rear tires were slashed.

The crime scene has already been processed with the Crime-Scene Follow-Up sketching, photography, evidence search and collection having been completed. Fingerprints were lifted from the vehicle door.  Blood and skin fragments were taken from  the victim’s fingernails. Evidence found at the scene is now in custody at the Prosecutor’s Office or has been sent to the New Jersey State Police Laboratory for analysis.

You are now directing the Continuing Investigation and are in the Critical Period (“The First 48”). Beginning with a Rational Theory of the Crime (based on the findings at the crime scene), and then developing Basic Leads, how would you proceed with this investigation?

Below is a map of the NJCU campus showing the crime scene: Location P4, Lot 7 , located between The West Campus Village Dormitory and Rt 440.

QUESTION # 2- DISCUSSION QUESTION

Utilizing the concepts from Lesson # 9 – Interviewing Witnesses, and Lesson # 10 – Interrogating Suspects, and the readings in the textbook on pages 134-138; 142-149

Explain both the similarities and differences between Interviewing  and Interrogation.

Describe the steps in the data management process.

Required Textbook: Hagan, Frank E., Research Methods in Criminal Justice and Criminology, Pearson Education, Inc., 2014. ISBN: 978-0-13-300861-6.

Answer the Review Questions at the end of Chapter 12: APA Formatting, no plagiarism, answer in an essay format and like teaching others.

1. Describe the steps in the data management process. How does each step build on the others in  producing valid data for analysis?

2. Graphic displays have sometimes been employed to lie with statistics. How is this done, and how might readers avoid being misled by such displays?

3. What are some useful hints in reading a table? Although it is certainly not exciting, why is table reading an important subject? How was this illustrated by Wilbanks’ examination of interracial crime in the NCS?

4. What does the process of elaboration involve? How does such a process enable one to take into account (or control for) rival causal factors.

different forms of deviance to alleviate the pressure and achieve specific social goals

Within Chapter 8 there is a section discussing Robert Merton’s Strain Theory of Deviance.  This theory basically argues that when individuals feel pressure and/or strain to attain certain cultural goals they may resort to different forms of deviance to alleviate the pressure and achieve specific social goals.

Utilizing Merton’s theory identify you will need to identify an individual or social group that is well known in the public sphere.  You will be utilizing one of his subcategories of deviant behavior (innovator, ritualist, rebel, or retreatist).  You will need to explain and specify which category this individual best fits into and why using their own behavior and track record as your examples. For example, you may choose a professional athlete (Lebron James), artist(?) (Justin Bieber), or social group such as the Amish.  Please be specific with the examples and how they fit into the category.

Identify three attributes of the law enforcement officer in question that make them a model of ethical behavior or a positive role model

 To wrap up our topic of police and use of force we have one more task to accomplish! Please respond to the following:

Select a real-life example of a law enforcement officer who is a positive influence in the community.

Identify three attributes of the law enforcement officer in question that make them a model of ethical behavior or a positive role model. Note: Try not to pick the easy choice like Officer Tommy Norman who has received national attention for his actions concerning the people of his community, most notably his charitable actions toward the youth within his jurisdiction.

What are the “goals of sentencing” that are associated with your decision?

As discussed in chapter 3 of your textbook there are many different sentencing models and just as many goals for imposing various sentences. Below are two scenarios.

Scenario #1

Sam is a 40 year old who was convicted of a breaking into a jewelry store in Coral Gables, Florida.  During the burglary he successfully took over $1 million dollars worth of jewelry.  One month after the crime, Sam was arrested for the crimes of burglary and grand theft.  All of the jewelry was successfully recovered and given back to the business owner.  Sam was found guilty by a jury in your court room for burglary and grand theft.  He has accepted responsibility for his actions. He has no previous criminal history.

Scenario #2

Jennifer was convicted of aggravated assault.  Jennifer is an 18 year old who belonged to a local street gang.  She was told by the gang leader to scare Ashley, a girlfriend of a rival gang member.  One night while out at a night club Jennifer pulled a gun on Ashley to scare her.  The gun went off and hit Ashley in the leg.  Ashley was transported to the hospital and treated for a serious gun shot wound.  She recovered after two months. Jennifer was arrested at the scene and charged with attempted murder.  She was plead guilty to a lesser charge, aggravated assault in your court room.  She has a few convictions for misdemeanors as a juvenile.

Select one of the scenarios to discuss.  Do not add any facts to the scenario.  Please answer the questions below based solely on the information you have.

  • What type of sentencing model would you use to sentence the offenders?
  • What actual sentence would you impose (type and time)?
  • What are the “goals of sentencing” that are associated with your decision?
  • Do not use current sentencing strategies to determine your sentence.  You are to discuss what you think is appropriate, not what is already in place.

insightful and innovative methodology.

straightforward research questions, and evaluated those questions with insightful and innovative methodology. What do you think of the methods in this week’s reading?

Patton et al. (2019) discusses some implications of their study for violence prevention, how might that information be used by “social workers and community-based orgs” as the authors suggest? Although the authors do not mention it, how might that information be used by police and prosecutors?

Finally, what do you think of the ethical concerns the authors discuss? Are there any benefits and/or problems you think might be an issue with doing this type of research?

PLEASE READ ARTICLE PROVIDED IN LINK

ONE PARAGRAPH EACH QUESTION

PLEASE NO PLAGIARIZING

Do criminal defendants enjoy too many rights a trial? Why or why not?

  1. Should those accused of violent acts be subjected to preventive detention instead of bail, even though they have not been convicted of a crime? Is it fair to the victim to have the alleged attacker running around loose?
  2. Should criminal defendants be allowed to bargain for a reduced sentence in exchange for a guilty plea? Should the victim always be included in the plea bargaining process?
  3. What purpose does a grand jury or preliminary hearing serve in adjudicating felony offenses? Should one of these methods be abandoned, and if so, which one?
  4. Do criminal defendants enjoy too many rights a trial? Why or why not?
  5. Should people be denied the right to serve as jurors without explanation or cause? In other words, should the peremptory challenge be maintained?
  6. “In the adversary system of criminal justice, the burden of proof in a criminal trial to show that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt is on the government.” Explain the meaning of this statement.

Part 2
book to be use del Carmen, R. V. Criminal Procedure: Law and Practice, 9th Ed., Cengage

Chapter 9

  1. What is the plain view doctrine? Discuss its three requirements.
  2. “If the three requirements for the plain view doctrine are not met, any evidence seized is not admissible in court.” Is this statement true or false? Explain your answer.
  3. What is inadvertence? Is it a plain view requirement? Give an example of inadvertence.
  4. What is curtilage? How is curtilage determined?

Chapter 10

  1. What four constitutional rights are likely to be invoked by suspects during the pretrial identification stage? Briefly discuss how each applies to lineups, showups, and photographic displays.
  2. “A suspect is entitled to a lawyer during a police lineup.” Is this statement true or false? Explain your answer.
  3. “A suspect’s right to protection against self-incrimination is violated in a police lineup.” Is this statement true or false? Justify your answer.
  4. What can the police do if a suspect refuses to appear in a lineup?