New Zealand is a country that most people find fascinating due to its beautiful scenery and the fact that the majority of The Lord of the Rings and Hobbit trilogies got filmed there. Hence the growth of tourism in the last five to six years. Often people confuse this country as being part of Australia, but it is its own country. However, one may remember the Christchurch mosque incident that occurred on or about March 15, 2019, which was very shocking to the world because crime is low, religion is accepted, and mass shooting is a rare occurrence. New Zealand ranks 22nd compared to the United States when it comes to gun violence and other violent crimes. Many believe that New Zealand is a very safe country to visit; however, crime occurs any and everywhere; no one country is immune to the same, especially for the tourist. This paper will discuss the country history, crime that occurs in New Zealand; and how their judicial system applies the law to those who commit a crime in this country.
The country of New Zealand is unique as it is an island country that is remote and sparsely populated. It has been called “God’s own country,” “Paradise of the Pacific,” and often called Aotearoa by the indigenous people known as Māori, which means “Land of the Long White Cloud. Tourism has increased in this country over the last five years due to the exquisite and diverse landscape of rolling pastures, steep fiords, jagged mountains, raging rivers, pristine trout-filled lakes, and its active volcanoes. Located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, New Zealand is a sovereign island that is made up of a North and South. The mass of land with roughly 600 smaller islands surrounding it; totaling an area mass of 268,000 square kilometers (166,537.48 square miles). In comparison, the landmass of New Zealand would be equivalent to Japan in size (Butler & Ortolja-Baird, 2017).
With a population of about 4.8 million people, New Zealand makes up about 0.06% of the world’s population and ranks 127 on the list of countries by population. The capital of Wellington is the second populous city in the state with approximately 418,000 residents, while the most populous city of the country is Auckland (“New Zealand Population (2019) – Worldometers”, 2019).
People in New Zealand often go by the name New Zealanders or “Kiwis” like the flightless birds that are native to this country. Of the approximate 4.8 million people, 69% are European descent, 14.6 are indigenous Māori, 9.2% are Asian, and 6.9 are non-Māori Pacific islander. Thus, making the country even more unique with the various history and culture of Māori, European, Pacific Island, and Asian cultures making it a melting pot like the United States. Majority of those who live in Southern part of the island is known as the New Zealanders. Aside from the diversity of people in New Zealand, the geographical landscape is also diverse. From the rolling hills; sheep scattered hills in the North to extraordinary, snow-capped, rocky mountains and raging lakes in the South. Any land area not subjected to snow is usually is used as farmland, despite there is about 30% percent of the land covered in forest.
When it comes to the climate is it usually temperate with subtropical weather in the summer and cold temperatures as low as -10 C in the winter, moderate rain, and much sun. The South Island is vast and much colder than the North, which is divided by the Southern Alps, the highest elevation is Aoraki Mount Cook ranging at 12, 313 feet (3,753 meters) (Butler & Ortolja-Baird, 2017). Other stunning aspects of the geography include the fiords, volcanoes, caves, boulders, and the beaches with its beautiful waters. The most popular attractions being Milford Sound, a long narrow, inlet with steep sides which resulted from a glacier, Mount Taranaki, a well-known volcano for its most symmetrical shape, Waitomo caves, Fox Glacier, and the Moeraki boulders.